This report has been conducted to enhance the understanding of how autonomous vehicle systems can be used to monitor marine mammals and other marine animals in the frame of industrial activities of the oil and gas (O&G) industry. The purpose of such monitoring would be for mitigation measures, to estimate population status and trends in areas of interest, or to conduct fine-scale behavoiural studies to evaluate potential impacts of anthropogenic induced noise on these animals. Key objectives of the report include: • An exhaustive review and evaluation of available platform and sensor technologies that are most pertinent to oil and gas operations for marine animal monitoring; • Information on the key data types that can be obtained, addressing the technical challenges of managing, storing and analysing the large amount of data gathered by the autonomous systems; and • Recommendations of platform technologies, sensors and data characteristics that would be most relevant for the O&G industry.
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