Temporary Hearing Threshold Shift in Harbor Porpoises (Phocoena phocoena) Due to One-Sixth Octave Noise Band at 32 kHz

Pay-walled Article 2019

Aquatic Mammals

Temporary hearing threshold shift (TTS) caused by fatiguing sounds in the 1.5 to 16 kHz range has been documented in harbor porpoises (Phocoena phocoena). To assess impacts of anthropogenic noise on porpoise hearing, TTS needs to be investigated for other frequencies, as susceptibility appears to depend on the frequency of the fatiguing sound. TTS was quantified after two porpoises (Porpoises F05 and M06) were exposed for 1 hour to a continuous one-sixth-octave noise band centered at 32 kHz, at average received sound pressure levels of 118 to 148 dB re 1 µPa, and at a sound exposure level (SEL) range of 154 to 184 dB re 1 µPa2s. Hearing thresholds for 32, 44.8, and 63 kHz tonal signals were determined before and after exposure to quantify initial TTS and recovery.In the range investigated so far (1.5 to 32 kHz), susceptibility to TTS appears to increase with increasing frequency below ~6.5 kHz, and to decrease with increasing frequency above ~6.5 kHz.

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