In summary, this report includes a review of three main types of fixed PAM systems and the detection/classification algorithms that can be used to efficiently process the large volumes of data collected from these systems. Important aspects to consider when selecting which device or system and analysis methods to use include the target species of marine mammals, longevity of monitoring, area to be monitored, the bandwidth and other characteristics of sounds to be monitored. Other important issues to consider include the need for real-time processing and availability of the data, versus post-processing and archival availability of acoustic data. In addition, ambient noise, including biological noise, and noise produced by oil and gas exploration activities, all affect the performance of PAM systems. Therefore, noise conditions and their effects on each of these PAM systems should always be considered when selecting any PAM technology. Each of these factors should be evaluated when deciding which type of technology is best suited for the project requirements, goals and questions to be answered.
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