Many sounds in our seas are natural, while man-made sounds may result from activities such as shipping and fishing, pile-driving for marine construction, military sonar and seismic surveys for oil & gas exploration. We need to understand the levels of potential risks posed to marine life by sound we create, so we can manage them and restrict risk to acceptable levels. Here we explain how a review of outcomes from research supported by the Sound and Marine Life Joint Industry Programme (JIP) is improving risk assessment for oil & gas exploration and production (E&P) activity.
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