Ambient noise in ocean is a complex combination of numerous types of natural and anthropogenic noise. The noise is dominant in all frequencies from 1 Hz...
Keywords: AIS, Ambient noise, Noise models, RANDI, Shallow ocean, Spatial noise map
Recreational vessels without Automatic Identification System (AIS) dominate anthropogenic noise contributions to a shallow water soundscape
Open Access Peer Reviewed Publication
Recreational boating is an increasing activity in coastal areas and its spatiotemporal overlap with key habitats of marine species pose a risk for negative noise impacts....