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EIA Database

Open Access Peer Reviewed Publication

ICES Journal of Marine Science

Beam trawling causes physical disruption of the seabed through contact of the gear components with the sediment and the resuspension of sediment into the water column...
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Keywords: Beam trawling, Impacts
Pay-walled Peer Reviewed Publication

The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America

Standard audiometric data are often applied to predict how noise influences hearing. With regard to auditory masking, critical ratios—obtained using tonal signals and flat-spectrum maskers—can be...
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Open Access Conference

Proceedings of the 20th International Congress on Acoustics, ICA 2010

Marine animals use sound extensively in an environment where vision is usually very limited and sound travels to much larger distances than it does in air....
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Keywords: Impacts, Sound sources
Open Access Conference

Proceedings of Meetings on Acoustics

Human-generated noise over the last 60 years has increased concerns regarding the implications for marine species. Many species have been documented to display behavioral and physiological...
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Open Access Report

Duke University

Both natural and human-generated sounds fill the marine environment. Biological processes generate natural sound such as wind, rain, and waves. Humans intentionally produce sound when using...
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Open Access Report

LGL Ecological Research Associates Inc.

This volume is a review of literature concerning the effects of man-made noise on marine mammals....
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Open Access Report

Aeronautical and Maritime Research Laboratory - Defence Science and Technology Organisation

Literature on the effects of underwater sound on marine fish and mammals is reviewed. Characteristics of hearing are discussed, as are published accounts on the effects...
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Pay-walled Literature Review

Canadian Journal of Zoology

Ocean noise pollution is of special concern for cetaceans, as they are highly dependent on sound as their principal sense. Sound travels very efficiently underwater, so...
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Open Access Peer Reviewed Publication

International Journal of the Society for Underwater Technology

There is little information about the effects of sound on marine life. In spite of this high uncertainty, several new legal limits to sound levels in...
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