Spence, J., Fischer, R., Bahtiarian, M., Boroditsky, L. et al.
Noise Control Engineering, Inc. (NCE) has been contracted by the Joint Industry Programme on E&P Sound and Marine Life (JIP) to compile, assess, and summarize information on technologies capable of reducing underwater sounds created by oil and gas industry activities. The purpose of this study is to investigate current and future potential treatment options for all sources of underwater sound, including sources associated with exploration, construction, transport, drilling, and production. Information was collected from various sources including technical and trade journal articles, contacts with representatives of companies that produce or develop noise control products and technologies, contacts with members of academia, and information provided directly by members of JIP and the International Association of Oil and Gas Producers (OGP). Additional information was collected through a workshop, organized and hosted by NCE and held on June 4-5, 2007, where members of JIP/OGP, the National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), US Minerals Management Service (MMS), the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, and members of industry and academia discussed the research results that had been attained thus far as well as additional methods for reducing underwater noise.
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